October 23 - Saint John of Capistrano

Quick Facts
  • Son of a former German knight, his father died when John was still young.
  • Studied law at the University of Perugia.
  • Lawyer in Naples, Italy.
  • Reforming governor of Perugia under King Landislas of Naples.
  • When war broke out between Perugia and Malatesta in 1416, John tried to broker a peace, but instead his opponents ignored the truce, John became a prisoner of war.
  • During his imprisonment he came to the decision to change vocations.
  • He had married just before the war, but the marriage was never consummated, and with his bride's permission, it was annulled.
  • Franciscan at Perugia on 4 October 1416.
  • Fellow student with Saint James of the Marches.
  • Disciple of Saint Bernadine of Siena.
  • Noted preacher while still a deacon, beginning his work in 1420.
  • Itinerant priest throughout Italy, Germany, Bohemia, Austria, Hungary, Poland, and Russia, preaching to tens of thousands.
  • Established communities of Franciscan renewal.Reported to heal by making the Sign of the Cross over a sick person.
  • Wrote extensively, mainly against the heresies of the day.
  • After the fall of Constantinople, he preached Crusade against the Muslim Turks.
  • At age 70 he was commissioned by Pope Callistus II to lead it, and marched off at the head of 70,000 Christian soldiers.
  • He won the great battle of Belgrade in the summer of 1456.
  • He died in the field a few months later, but his army delivered Europe from the Muslems.